Monday, 16 November 2009

Further evidence of global warming


Authors from the American National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR),Climate Central, The Weather Channel, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have released another piece of compelling evidence of a world getting hotter. Together they have studied the daily highs and lows recorded at 1600 United States weather stations since 1950 and found that daily record high temperatures occurred twice as often as record lows over the last decade.
Climate change is making itself felt in terms of day-to-day weather in the United States,” says Gerald Meehl, the lead author and a senior scientist at the NCAR.

The researchers point out that if temperatures were not warming, the number of record daily highs and lows being set each year would be approximately even. Instead, for the period from January 1, 2000, to September 30, 2009, the continental United States set 291,237 record highs and 142,420 record lows, as the country experienced unusually mild winter weather and intense summer heat waves.
A record daily high means that temperatures were warmer on a given day than on that same date throughout a weather station’s history. The authors used a quality control process to ensure the reliability of data from thousands of weather stations across the country, while looking at data over the past six decades to capture longer-term trends.
This decade’s warming was more pronounced in the western United States, where the ratio was more than two to one, than in the eastern United States, where the ratio was about one-and-a-half to one.
The study also found that the two-to-one ratio across the country as a whole could be attributed more to a comparatively small number of record lows than to a large number of record highs. This indicates that much of the nation’s warming is occurring at night, when temperatures are dipping less often to record lows. This finding is consistent with years of climate model research showing that higher overnight lows should be expected with climate change.
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